One of the most outstanding periods in the History of statehood of Uzbekistan is connected with the Name and outstanding changes of the great ancestor of the Uzbek people Amir Temur (1336-1405) – a World famous Statesman and military Leader.
It was Sahibkhiran that not only founded a centralized state in Movarounnahr (between the Syr Darya and Amu Darya rivers) with its Capital Samarkand, but also a vast empire that included Khorezm, the Caspian Sea region, the areas of present-day Afghanistan, Iran and Iraq, partly the South Caucasus and India, and a number of West Asian countries, including Turkey.
Because of his historical, power-keeping activities and his support for political and economic stability in the vast territory of the Near and Middle East, Amir Temur restored the main route of the transcontinental World Trade Route – the Great Silk Road – and ensured the prosperity of the state.
In connection with this mission, he succeeded in reuniting and beautifying all major caravan routes connecting the states of Asia and Europe.
In the Memoirs of the Spanish Ambassador Ruy González de Clavijo, it is described that for this purpose a very wide road was laid out across the city, blocked by a “vault with windows into which the light penetrated”. On both sides were benches and tents for the sale of goods”.