Bukhara is one of the oldest Cities of Central Asia, its history counts more than 2500 years. It belongs to the pearls of the beautiful and ancient cities of the World. The first written mention is related to the conquests of the Persian king Cyrus in the 7th century B.C. At that time he conquered this wonderful Oasis, which was one of the most important points of the ” Silk Road ” It has seen many rulers in its time. Many architectural monuments were built during the Arabian Era. Under their rule, the oasis city became a cultural and scientific centre where great minds such as Avicenna himself (Ibn Sina) and Omar Khayyam lived and worked. But like many other Central Asian cities, it could not escape the enormous march of Genghis Khan’s troops, who desecrated the city’s Cathedral by riding his Horse into the Mosque. During the Mongol rule there were many popular uprisings in this area, which were violently suppressed by the rulers. The situation changed somewhat with the Timurids taking power, and many historical and architectural monuments were built here during the reign of Tamerlan. The baton of development was taken over by his grandson Ulugbek, who also left his name in the pages of history in the names of amazing monuments. In 15-16 centuries it became the capital of the new Bukhara Khanate, and its development continued without slowing down. In 18-19 centuries it was already under the rule of the Russian Empire. During this period Mosques and Caravanserais were also built, but many of them were destroyed to the ground by the Bolsheviks. No new architectural monuments were built during the rule of the Soviets, but infrastructure and transport connections were actively developed, an airport with a terminal serving 5 directions was built. In part, this allowed the clean historical appearance of urban architectural ensembles to be preserved.