Shakhrisabz means Green City, it is really covered with Gardens and Vineyards. Ancient Shakhrisabz is a traditional centre of folk art, known for its embroidery.
One of the oldest regions of Uzbekistan, known as Kesh in the early Middle Ages, had a capital called Nautaca in early antiquity. It was originally built in the 8th-7th century BC on the banks of the Kainarsay, a tributary of the Kashkadarya River, on the site of the ruins of the ancient settlement of Uzunkir (70 ha) with a mighty fortress wall and citadel.
Then the ancient centre of the region moved to Kalandartepa on the site of today’s Kitab (III – II B.C. to end VII – beginning VIII B.C.).
The new capital of the region was built on the site of the modern Shakhrisabz – in the IXth to Xth centuries. century. It inherited its former name – Kesh, although even then the preserved place name – Shakhrisabz – determined the name.
The town reached its heyday at the end of the XIV – XV century, thanks to the support of the Great Amir Temur, who was born in the Village of Khoja Ilgar near Shakhrisabz.
This invincible military leader and famous statesman began his rise to the historical arena and his political career here. Also his grandson, the famous scientist and ruler Ulugbek, contributed to his improvement.
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